Space Science in Medicine? How achievable would it be? What relationship does Space innovation have with Medicine?
These inquiries in the midst of numerous other astounding thoughts are on the minds of some individuals including experts of Health Sciences on how Space science can be applied in Medicine.
Numerous advances initially intended for space science applications have discovered their way into user base application areas. These items ranges from infrared thermometers, exercise machines, conservative cameras, X-ray machines and a large group of other apparatuses.
Astronomy advancements in health applications may seem cumbersome at first yet it is particularly conceivable.
Once in a while, these advances may appear to be farfetched in different fields until the point that a closer examination is been done to perceive the possibility and uniqueness that lies within innovative technologies.
With respect to satellites, the primary archived records of the potential advantages of remote sensing satellites were recorded in the late 1980s. General medical problems identified with water borne infections, fever and different sicknesses were followed utilizing Space satellites.
Generally, people can benefit from a wide range of medicinal advances accomplished in anticipation of space missions.
In spite of the fact that Space technology is cost effective in actualization, some satellite information can be gained for free. It relies upon the kind of information and the point with which it is to be utilized. Open source information are accessible for use by all with the point of reducing the low support and examination of Geodata because of staggering expense of obtaining satellite data.
From the International Charter on Space and Major Disaster’s main goal and advancement of Space science, nations and philanthropic associations can ask for and get satellite information for crisis purposes. The contract was initiated amid the 2014 Ebola episode to help plan the reaction exertion by finding existing arranged Ebola human services offices in West Africa.
Diseases could be mitigated using Space based technology in a number of ways for instance, mapping of Cholera could be done with charts and graphs showing it’s prevalence. Geographical analysis of this data will help curb further occurrence by suggesting an alternative settlement to reduce incidence of further cases. A map showing the distribution of water runways with likelihood of spots prone to bacteria attack.
Remote Sensing implies obtaining information on the Earth with no physical contact. Remote Sensing technology is a veritable tool in achieving effective healthcare delivery using Space based technology. Remote Sensing innovation can be utilized to get data about health issues as well as the prevalence, and possibly solution in curbing it. Remote Sensing basically acquires spatial data using remotely sensed tools for integration in mapping software using Geographical analytical concept in analysing data.
An extremely appropriate application area of remote sensing in Healthcare is locational analysis. This is exceptionally useful in finding clinics and other healthcare offices to survey the best spot to find a place for siting medical facilities. Innovative technological concept of Space Science “Telemedicine “ disrupted the locational and distance barrier or hindrance in achieving effective healthcare delivery using Space based technology.
Remote Sensing can also be applied in checking Environmental factors such as; Temperature, Soil type, Air and Rainfall which could play a leading role in the spread of Diseases. Maps showing the climatic variation of places with it’s graphs and charts are useful in mapping diseases across places. Public health experts can be trained on how to use these data to control the transmission of diseases.
Telemedicine or Tele-health is a vital component of Space Science which helps patients remotely by linking them with telecommunications technology for use in Health care delivery.
Tele-Monitoring an aspect of Telemedicine allows patients with chronic diseases to be monitored from the comfort of their homes with mobile medical devices or mobile devices with medical applications installed. Data such as; Blood sugar levels, blood pressure or other viral signs can be checked.
Interactive telemedicine allows a real time communication between Physicians and Patients to communicate in real time. This can be conducted in the patient’s home or in a nearby medical facility. Oftentimes, it is done remotely (Patient’s home) with a telecommunication device for video calls.
Equipping health care facilities with this technology would enable health practitioners from diverse background and specialities to provide care more conveniently for their patients and the health providers. Long distance transport for both Patients and Health providers will be reduced. Video consultations and telecommunications will be improved with technologies of this magnitude.
Telemedicine or Home health gadgets and appliances consists if vital signs capture, video conferencing capabilities and Patient’s medical statistics can be reviewed. Hospital’s stations sets alarms to check Patient’s recovery process.
The innovative approach of this is a proof of the potentials that lies in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).
Space Age is the forerunner to another time of health services conveyance and this is exceptionally appropriate in our wellbeing and has affected our every day lives with the utilization of versatile GPS empowered gadgets.
A very vital consideration in the application of Telemedicine is that it is in compliance with the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS).
Michael is a graduate of Geography from Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai Niger State. His flair for space science sprouted from childhood but was well developed during his internship at the National Space Research and Development Agency, Abuja. Hallmark of his scientific research in space science at the National Space Research and Development Agency, Abuja includes; Mapping of Abuja phase 1, Researches in Climate change related topics such as; Air moisture and Environmental pollution. He also blogs about Climate change and Geoscience related topics on a blockchain backed social media platform called “Steemit”